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04/07/2023

Temperatures Are Rising As The El Nino Weather Trend Is Back




Temperatures Are Rising As The El Nino Weather Trend Is Back
After the El Nino weather pattern erupted in the tropical Pacific for the first time in seven years on Tuesday, the World Meteorological Organisation predicted that temperatures will spike in many regions of the world.
 
El Nino, a rise in water surface temperatures in the eastern and central Pacific Ocean, is associated with a variety of severe weather events, including tropical cyclones, torrential downpours, and prolonged droughts.
 
2016 was the warmest year on record for the whole planet. However, experts claim that climate change has contributed to severe temperatures even in years without the El Nino phenomena.
 
According to the WMO, even that record may soon be surpassed.
 
According to the group, El Nino plus man-made global warming made it highly likely that at least one of the upcoming five years and the entire five-year span would be the warmest on record.
 
"To tell you whether it will be this year or next year is difficult," Wilfran Moufouma Okia, Head of Regional Climate Prediction Service at WMO, told reporters in Geneva.
 
"What we know is that throughout the next five years, we are likely to have one of the warmest years on record."
 
As a result of El Nino, the World Health Organisation declared last month that it was ready for an increased spread of viral infections like dengue, Zika, and chikungunya.
 
"We can reasonably expect even an increase in infectious diseases because of the temperature," Maria Neira, Director for Environment, Climate Change and Health at WHO, told reporters.
 
During an El Nino, warm water is pushed eastward and the winds flowing around the equator slow down, raising the temperature of the ocean's surface.
 
According to the WMO, the occurrence happens around every two to seven years and might last nine to twelve months.
 
In some areas of southern South America, the southern United States, the Horn of Africa, and Central Asia, it is frequently correlated with an increase in rainfall.
 
Extreme droughts have been brought on by it in the past in Australia, Indonesia, areas of southern Asia, Central America, and northern South America.
 
(Sourec:www.business-standard.com)

Christopher J. Mitchell

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